|Export Marketing National Economic Self Reliance
This is our first session with “National Economic Self-reliance. Let’s be active and make this lecture interactive and interesting with the discussion of self reliance and self sufficient, first of all we will discuss what is self-reliance? My tomatoes need heat and sun and the weather is giving me grey and cool. We get a day of two of wonderful growing weather and then, balm, its fall. Fortunately, I am not yet counting on my garden to meet all my food needs, if I was I'd be concerned right now. See, I know what the weather can do and anticipate poor seasons by keeping a larder stocked with enough food so that if I have a bad growing year, we will not go hungry. I also start seeds indoors six to eight weeks in advance (tomatoes) so that they can handle the cool temperatures when they are transplanted. This knowledge of my local conditions comes from paying attention to the daily weather. This knowledge can enable me to plan my food production so that it suits the weather it encounters.
Knowledge is the essence of being self-reliant. Self-reliance requires confidence and knowledge builds that confidence. You need to become, not an info-junky, but someone who has an active curiosity and constantly strives to enhance their knowledge base. You have to learn to value the little tidbits of data that float your way and to do so while swimming in an information stream. You may find it difficult to understand what it is you need to know and be tempted to try and collect everything. You may drown while doing so. You avoid drowning by having a clear vision of where you are going. If you live within a community you do not need to know how to do everything yourself, you merely need to know who can assist and have something to trade. Even where the required skills are beyond those possessed by the individual, a more direct involvement with the production process or service, can result in greater self-reliance, because the individual has enhanced his or her knowledge base and reduced his or her dependence upon someone else to achieve the desired goal. This increases confidence. Self-reliance paves the path towards self-sufficiency.
A major goal of self-sufficiency is to enable the individual to directly produce. If you are a homesteader living far beyond the sidewalks then this may need to be your goal. Communities may be self-sufficient unto themselves as they can produce all they need. A community, even though self-sufficient, may still want to engage in social exchange with other communities, just as individuals, often seek the company of other like-minded people.
Most of the newly independent countries, including India, adopted a policy of protectionism for bringing about all round development of their economies. However, this strategy not only failed to boost up the stagnant traditional economies of such countries but also kept them aloof from the latest developments in the technological and-scientific fields in most of the developed countries of the world.
However, the attitude of such countries changed radically in recent past. Many developing countries adopted programmers of import liberalization and export promotion in the 1960’s and achieved remarkable success. Such countries including Japan, Singapore, Hong Kong, South Korea and Taiwan. The success of these countries has prompted many economists and international agencies, such as the IMF and the World Bank, to advocate import liberalization and export promotion as a panacea for many economic ills, facing developing countries like India. Following the footsteps of such countries, the Government of India adopted the policy of the trade liberalization in 1991. The trade policy of 1991 introduced many reforms to open up the Indian economy to foreign trade and to integrate it with the global economy in the new international economic order that taking shape with the setting up the WTO (world trade Organization) in 1995.